Middle, Late Archaic and Adena Artifacts Photographed in Northwest Ohio


Middle, Late Archaic and Adena Artifacts Photographed in Northwest Ohio




The following artifacts are from “History of the Maumee River Basin” by Charles Slocum, 1905, showing artifacts found along the Maumee River. The time frame of most of these artifacts fall in the Middle to Late Archaic when Brewerton flourished. Artifacts #24 and #25 that are called “whale tails” that were believed to be used for atl atl weights, dating as early as 5,000 B.C. Number 44 is a metate and mortar that were used for crushing seeds and nuts that also could date from the middle to late archaic along with #42 and #43 that are grooved axes. More Important are the Adena artifacts in this photo. Number 27 is a quadriconcave gorget that is Adena along with #29 that is a bell shaped gorget. Number 35, a flared end gorget is also Adena, a similar artifact found in the Tremper mound in southern Ohio. Round “game balls” were also found associated with Adena, more specifically found in the Cresap mound in West Virginia. Number 8 is a plummet that is found from the Archaic through the Middle Woodland. These artifacts are additional evidence that early Adena or Late Brewerton inhabited Northwest Ohio, Northeast Indiana and Southwest Michigan