Serpent Mounds in North America
Alabama Serpent Mounds
Skeleton Mountain site in Calhoun County
31 linear stone walls, one serpent in a "Z" shape.
"The effigy is actually a low, loose rock wall/pavement running along the western edge of the summit of Skeleton Mountain (Fig. 7). Although 1Ca157 is referred to as a snake effigy, the individuals who constructed the serpentine wall may or may not have intended the structure to mimic a snake/serpent. As with the hundreds of other stone wall and mound sites scattered throughout the eastern United States, two questions are frequently posed: Who built these structures and why? "
"The snake effigy is a 59.7 m serpentine wall/pavement stretching along the stone-rubble sttewn surface of Skeleton Mountain in an area that would be nearly impossible to cultivate. Most importantly, the shallow rocky soil on which the snake effigy is situated is unsuitable for growing row crops and would be nearly impossible to plow with nineteenth or early twentieth-century farming technology (Harlin and Perry, 1961). "
California Serpent Mounds
Connections with the Ohio Valley
The serpent mounds, earthworks, tool kits and the finding of giant human skeletons in norther California are identical to what is found in New York associated with the Point Peninsula Iroquois.
A few of the tools kits and burial practices on the west coast are identical to these found in the eastern Woodlands, that are associated with the Meadowood and Point Peninsula Iroquois Cultures. DNA studies have found a genetic link with the northwest coast's, Yakima Indians and the Ohio Hopewell. Were the Yakima a detached Iroquois tribe? Daniel S. Meatte wrote in 1990 in Prehistory of the Western Snake River Basin, “ Between 4,500 and 4,000 B.P., with possible extensions until 3,500 B.P. Identified cultural attributes include massive turkey-tail and cache blades, caches or obsidian blank/preforms, large side notched projectile points, flexed or semi-flexed inhumations, possible cremations, and candid skull interments. Additional characteristic include the use of red ochre. Human burials are placed in unmarked cemeteries with a preference for high sandy knolls along river terraces.”
Pentagonal pendants, bar amulet and charm stones are identical; to artifacts associated with early Point Peninsula Iroquois in the Great Lakes region.
Serpent Mound located in Siskiyou, California.
A series of burial mounds surrounded by a stone curb are also located near Mt. Shasta seen in the background. The mounds are reminiscent of both the earliest mounds in North America at Watson Break, Louisianna, dating as early as 3000 B.C. and to Adena burial mounds in the Ohio Valley.
Another serpent effigy is found in southern California in the Mojave Desert. Like the serpent at Mt. Shasta, the serpent is swallowing an apparent egg that is a small rock cairn.
Colorado Serpent Mounds
The NACLSG reports that a stone serpent effigy exists in the San Luis Valley in area littered with stone cairns walls, effigies and alters. The serpent was aligned to the solstice.
Florida Serpent Mounds
Ortona Complex , located near Lake Okeechobe, Florida was the presence of a very large mound in the form of a snake eating an egg.
The Florida serpent effigy is depicted swallowing an egg. Different "Hopewellian" earthworks are located throughout Florida showing they had cultural and commercial intercourse with the Ohio Valley.
Georgia Serpent Mounds
Gwinnet County Georgia Serpent
a stone serpent was reported in "Hopewell Archaeology" as being located in Gwinnet County 50 miles distant from Athens. The mound was described as 100 feet in length with a small circular cairn depicting the head. Archaeologist attributed as "Hopewellian."
Serpent effigy at Dicks Ridge in northern Georgia
Another serpent in north Georgia has been documented at Dicks Ridge. For more information
Fort Mountain Serpentine enclosure
A serpentine stone wall surrounds a bluff at Fort Mountain in Murray County, Georgia. The work is attributed to the Hopewell who constructed many of their hill top enclosures to represent serpents.
Astronomical alignments have been observed at points on the serpentine wall that surrounds the hill top enclosure.
Illinois Serpent Mounds
City of Chicago Serpent Mounds
Hopewell also called Moundbuilders; name given to an extraordinary cultural development that blossomed among prehistoric Indian tribes in northeastern North America between 500 B.C. and A.D. 500, characterized by the construction of large, elaborate, geometric, and other earthworks. They served as burial mounds, often containing offerings of high artistic accomplishment [see the entry Moundbuilders for an illustration of an ornamental pipe], but were likely also used for other ceremonial purposes. The earthworks were first noted in southern Ohio, but Hopewellian structures can be found from western New York to Kansas, including the Chicago region. As [see] James A. Marshall has observed, their design and execution indicates a knowledge of geometry apparently lost to succeeding tribes, as well as the employment of a unit of measure. A possible Hopewellian earthwork in what is now downtown Chicago, the serpent mound [called lizard mound by Albert F. Scharf], was formerly a prominent feature in the landscape, but is now covered by the Belmont elevated station near the intersection of Sheffield and Oakdale avenues; another possible work was the Chicago Pyramid Mound at Cheltenham206]
Hopewellian Sioux, more specifically the Winnebago. are origins of this serpent mound swallowing an egg in the city of Chicago.
Galena Illinois Serpent.
A smaller version of the serpent effigy in Adams County, (swallowing an egg) Ohio was reported near Galena Illinois.
Indiana Serpent Mounds
The Serpent Mound formerly in Warren County, was destroyed by a gravel company. An identical serpent mound was constructed north of Holton Indiana. Its location has been disclosed in the "Travel Guide" and is currently in danger of being destroyed by university archaeologists. The general shape of the head of the serpent is reminiscent of the two stone serpent heads at the gateway of Spruce Hill.
Serpent mound with its oblique angles is identical to the serpent in Warren County, Ohio. One university archaeologist has already taken credit for this find. Let the plagiarism begin!
Mounds State Park, Anderson Indiana Serpent Effigy
This old postcard depicts a stone serpent at the bottom of the bluff from the earthwork complex at Mounds State Park. It is situated adjacent to the entryway of a now collapsed cave that was believed to emerge at the top of the bluff.
Serpent Mound in Noble Count, Indiana
A linear work was observed next to burial mounds on a bluff with no less than seven natural springs. What appeared to be a larger portion depicting the serpents head is in heavy brush.
Iowa Serpent Mounds
"Serpent Symbol and the Worship of the Reciprocal Principles of Nature in America" EG Squire
"Mr. Pigeon also speaks of mounds arranged in serpentine form, in Iowa, at a place formerly known as Prarie La Porte, now called Guttenburgh. Also at a place seven miles north of these,on the Turkey River, where the range is two and half miles long, the mounds occurring at regular intervals. A plan of these is given. Twenty miles to the westward of this locality is the effigy of a great serpent, with the effigy of a tortoise in front of its mouth. This serpentine structure is 1004 feet long, eighteen feet broad at its widest part, and six feet high
Kansas Serpent Mounds
Serpent intaglios effigy depicted as swallowing an egg in Rice county, Kansas.
Another intaglio serpent mound that also was depicted as swallowing an egg has bee n found in Mitchell County at Waconda Lake.
Kentucky Serpent Mounds
Cattlesburg Serpent Mound at Boyd County was contructed from stone and depicts a serpent swallowing an egg.
The remains of the serpent mound is still visible between Alley Branch Road and Hwy 3, south of town.
Spratt Stone works depicting a serpent at Frenchburg Kentucky
Massachusetts Serpent Mounds
A stone serpent mound was reported in Sarah Doublet Forest, Littleton Mass.
A stone serpent mound was reported in Tyngsboro Mass.
A stone serpent was reported in the Breakneck Brook Wildlife Management Area
A stone serpent was reported in Freetown, Mass.
Minnesota Serpent Mounds
Serpent effigy enclosure in Pipestone County, Minnesota. The additional earthworks across the the creek are identical to what could be found in the Ohio Valley.
American Antiquiarian 1897
The Winnebagoe (Sioux) stated that when they came to Wisconsin the Dakotas held and worked the mines of native copper on the south shore of Lake Superior. The Dakota traditions are very positive that they formerly worked these mines holding them as property of the entire Dakota nation, as they afterwards held the pipestone quarries of Minnesota.
A Serpent Mound has been reported at the Grand Mound at the mouth of the Big Fork River as it enters the Rainy River.
The Grand Mound is part of a burial complex that included 4 other smaller mounds and what appears to be a serpentine extension. The Grand Mound was originally about 45 feet in height consisting of over 5,000 tons of earth.
New York Serpent Mounds
Smithsonian Institute Bureau of Ethnology 1898-1899
Near the station of the New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio railroad is a peculiar earth formation, which was designed by those who fashioned it thousands of years ago to represent a serpent, according to the conclusion of those who have read the customs of the mound-builders by the monuments they left. This particular formation is 425 feet long, and enthusiastic antiquraries who visit it are unanimous in the resemblance it presents to a snake basking in the sunshine.”
North Dakota Serpent Mound
Hawknest- A serpent shaped mound several hundfred feet long with 5 connecting mounds or ridges was reported.
Ohio Serpent Mounds
Most serpent effigies were constructed ti venerate the dead, however it was also the consort of the Earth Mother and acted as a protector of the dead.
This serpent mound near Wilmington, Ohio is next to a large burial mound. The Hopewell Sioux mound was desecrated by the Ohio Historical Society, where they removed many skeletons. The serpent is intact except for a slice taken out by idiot archaeologists.
Two Serpent heads facing a sun disc or egg occurs in several of Ohio's earthworks.
One of Ohio's best sites to visit is this earthwork near Dayton that depicts two serpents facing an egg or sun disc. The site is overgrown but visible in the winter months.
A serpent mound once existed in Warren County but was destroyed by a gravel company. An identical mound can still be seen near Holton, Indiana.
The most famous of the serpent mounds in the U.S., but hardly unique i its depiction of a serpent swallowing an egg.
Several stone serpent mounds were found at Ft. Ancient that is itself a effigy of a serpent.